3D and 4D sonography

What are 3D and 4D sonography?

3D and 4D sonography are advanced imaging techniques used in medical diagnostics, particularly in gynecology. Unlike traditional 2D ultrasound, which provides two-dimensional images, 3D ultrasound creates three-dimensional images of the internal organs, offering a more detailed view. 4D ultrasound, on the other hand, adds the element of time to the 3D imaging, allowing for real-time visualization of movement, such as fetal activity during pregnancy.

Difference between 3D and 4D Sonography

Aspect 3D Sonography 4D Sonography
Image type Static three-dimensional images. Dynamic three-dimensional images with time added.
Real-time visualization No Yes
Movement visualization mages are still. Images show movement, particularly useful in observing fetal activity during pregnancy

Benefits of 3D and 4D ultrasound in Gynecology

  • Assess fetal development during pregnancy.
  • Diagnose gynecological conditions such as fibroids or ovarian cysts.
  • Evaluate reproductive organs for fertility assessments.
  • Aid in assisted reproductive technologies.
  • Provide clearer visualization and more accurate diagnostic information compared to traditional 2D ultrasound.

How 3D/4D Sonography is performed?

3D/4D sonography is typically performed using a handheld device called a transducer, which emits high-frequency sound waves into the body. These sound waves bounce off internal structures, such as organs or the fetus during pregnancy, and are then captured by the transducer. The transducer sends the collected information to a computer, which processes it to create detailed three-dimensional images.

During the procedure:

  • A gel is applied to the skin over the area being examined to help the sound waves travel more effectively.
  • The transducer is moved over the skin in the area of interest, transmitting sound waves and capturing the returning echoes.
  • The computer processes the collected data in real-time, creating detailed 3D images that provide a clear view of the internal structures.
  • For 4D sonography, the added dimension of time allows for real-time visualization of movement, such as fetal activity during pregnancy.

The entire procedure is non-invasive and painless, typically taking around 20-30 minutes to complete. Afterward, the images are reviewed by a healthcare provider to make a diagnosis or assess fetal development, depending on the purpose of the examination.

What to know about test results?

The results of a 3D or 4D sonography test provide detailed images of the internal organs or fetus, depending on the purpose of the examination. These images can help healthcare providers diagnose gynecological conditions, monitor fetal development, or assess reproductive health. It’s important to discuss the results with your healthcare provider, who can provide further interpretation and guidance based on your individual circumstances.

Why choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad for 3D/4D Sonography?

  • State-of-the-art facilities equipped with advanced technology for 3D/4D sonography.
  • Experienced team of gynecologists and sonographers specialized in 3D/4D imaging techniques.
  • Commitment to personalized care, ensuring individualized attention to each patient.
  • Emphasis on patient education, providing clear information and guidance throughout the sonography process.
  • Highest standard of diagnostic imaging, aiming for accurate and reliable results.
  • Comprehensive medical attention, addressing any concerns or questions patients may have regarding their condition or procedure.


Is 3D/4D sonography safe during pregnancy?

Yes, it’s safe. It uses the same ultrasound technology as 2D sonography without known harmful effects.

Why do the parents need an ultrasound?

Ultrasound is used to monitor fetal development during pregnancy, ensuring the baby is growing properly and identifying any potential issues early on. It also provides parents with the opportunity to see their baby and bond with them before birth.

Are there any risks associated with 3D/4D sonography?

Minimal risks like false positives or inconclusive results may occur, but it’s generally safe.

How many times during pregnancy is 3D/4D sonography recommended?

It varies. It’s not routine and is usually recommended on a case-by-case basis, typically during the second or third trimester.

Is there anything I need to do to prepare for a 3D/4D sonography procedure?

In most cases, there’s no specific preparation required. You may be asked to drink water before the procedure to ensure a full bladder, which can provide better imaging quality.

How much does a 3D/4D sonography procedure cost?

The cost can vary depending on factors such as location, healthcare provider, and insurance coverage. It’s recommended to check with your healthcare provider or insurance company for specific pricing information.

At what stage of pregnancy is 3D/4D sonography most effective?

3D/4D sonography is typically most effective during the second and third trimesters when the fetus is more developed, allowing for clearer visualization of features and movements.

Are there any restrictions on eating or drinking before a 3D/4D sonography appointment?

In most cases, there are no restrictions on eating or drinking before a 3D/4D sonography appointment. However, as mentioned earlier, you may be asked to drink water before the procedure to ensure a full bladder for better imaging quality.

Can 3D/4D sonography be performed if I have a high BMI (Body Mass Index)?

Yes, 3D/4D sonography can still be performed if you have a high BMI. However, it may be more challenging to obtain clear images in some cases due to increased tissue density. Your healthcare provider will work to optimize imaging quality based on your individual circumstances.

Can 3D/4D sonography determine the gender of the baby?

While 3D/4D sonography can provide clear images of the fetus, determining the gender is not always guaranteed. It depends on various factors such as the position of the fetus and gestational age.

Is 3D-4D sonography better than a regular ultrasound?

While 3D-4D sonography offers a more detailed view, a traditional 2D ultrasound remains the standard for most diagnostic purposes. Your doctor will recommend the most appropriate type of scan based on your specific needs.