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Male Infertility

Male Infertility

Male infertility refers to a man’s inability to impregnate a fertile female partner despite regular, unprotected sexual intercourse over a prolonged period (typically one year). This condition can arise from various factors that affect the quality or quantity of sperm, the health of the reproductive organs, or hormonal imbalances. It contributes to about 40-50% of all infertility cases globally, making it a significant concern for couples trying to conceive.

How Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad can help?

At Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad, a specialized team of andrologists and fertility specialists utilizes advanced diagnostic tools and personalized treatment plans to address a wide range of male fertility challenges. 

Whether you are facing conditions such as low sperm count (oligospermia), poor sperm quality (oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, astheno-teratozoospermia), or complete absence of sperm (azoospermia), we offer tailored treatments including hormonal therapies, surgical interventions, and assisted reproductive techniques. We are equipped to provide detailed semen analysis through computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA), evaluate testicular failure, and address the impact of obesity on male fertility.

Low Sperm Count (Oligospermia)

Low Sperm Count also known as Oligospermia, is a condition characterized by a decreased concentration of sperm in the ejaculate. Sperm count is considered low when there are fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. This condition can significantly reduce the chances of conception and fertility.


Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) is a male fertility condition marked by three key sperm abnormalities: low sperm count (oligozoospermia), reduced sperm motility (asthenozoospermia), and abnormal sperm shape (teratozoospermia). These issues collectively decrease the chances of natural conception.


Astheno-teratozoospermia is a condition that affects male fertility. It is characterized by two primary abnormalities in sperm: reduced motility (asthenozoospermia) and abnormal morphology (teratozoospermia). In other words, sperm affected by asthenoteratozoospermia have both poor movement and abnormal shapes.

Zero sperm count – Azoospermia

No sperm count, also known as azoospermia, is a medical condition characterized by the absence of sperm in the ejaculate. In men with azoospermia, semen analysis reveals no sperm present, making natural conception difficult or impossible without medical intervention.

Computer-Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA)

Computer-Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA) is a technology used in the field of reproductive medicine to assess and analyze sperm parameters in male infertility diagnosis and research. CASA systems utilize computer algorithms and digital imaging to evaluate various characteristics of sperm, including motility (movement), concentration, morphology (shape), and viability.

Semen Analysis

Semen analysis is a laboratory test that evaluates the characteristics of semen, the fluid ejaculated during male orgasm, to assess the health and functionality of sperm. It examines multiple parameters, including sperm count, motility, morphology, volume, pH level, and presence of other substances such as white blood cells.

Testicular Failure

Testicular failure, also known as testicular insufficiency or testicular dysfunction, refers to the condition where the testes are unable to produce adequate levels of testosterone or sperm.

Obesity & Male Infertility

Obesity, defined by excessive body fat and measured using BMI, is influenced by genetics and lifestyle. Male infertility is the inability to conceive after a year of unprotected sex, often due to sperm or hormonal issues. Obesity increases the risk of infertility by disrupting hormones, reducing testosterone, increasing estrogen, and causing oxidative stress, all of which harm sperm quality and function. It can also cause erectile dysfunction, further affecting fertility.

Evaluation of Male Infertility

Evaluation of male infertility is the process of assessing and diagnosing the factors that contribute to a man’s inability to conceive a child with his partner. It involves a comprehensive examination of various aspects including medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests to identify potential causes of infertility.