A gynecological laparoscopy is a procedure that allows you to see inside your pelvis (lower abdomen or tummy). This procedure allows your surgeon to examine your womb (uterus), fallopian tubes, and ovaries. 


A gynecological laparoscopy is a procedure that allows you to see inside your pelvis (lower abdomen or tummy). This procedure allows your surgeon to examine your womb (uterus), fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is possible to diagnose and treat gynecological conditions with laparoscopy.

About gynecological laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is also known as keyhole surgery. This means that the procedure is performed through small cuts (incisions) made on your stomach. It can be a safer alternative to open surgery, which involves having a larger cut to open up your tummy. It’s usually associated with fewer complications and a shorter recovery time.

A gynecological laparoscopy may be necessary to investigate certain symptoms, such as pelvic pain. Several tests may be ordered before a CT scan, such as an ultrasound, MRI, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). You may also have a gynecological laparoscopy to treat a condition. Examples of when you may have one include:

    • Endometriosis Diagnosis and Treatment
    • Removing adhesions (scar tissue)
    • The treatment of an ectopic pregnancy
    • You may undergo sterilization, in which you seal or block your fallopian tubes in order to prevent pregnancy
    • Ovarian cyst diagnosis and removal
    • The removal of the womb (hysterectomy) or the ovaries (oophorectomy)
    • Treatment of fibroids
    • Examining your pelvic pain over a long period of time
    • A fertility test can be used to find out why you may not be able to get pregnant if you have fertility problems
    • Finding out if you have cancer or if it has spread

Your doctor will discuss the potential risks and benefits of gynecological laparoscopy with you. You will be informed of what will happen before, during, and after your procedure, including any pain you may experience. If you have any questions, don’t be afraid to ask.

Why gynecologic laparoscopy is performed

A laparoscopic procedure can be used for diagnosis, treatment, or both. Diagnostic procedures can sometimes lead to treatment.

The following are some reasons for diagnostic laparoscopy:

    • Pelvic pain that is unexplained
    • Infertility that is unexplained
    • A history of pelvic infections

Laparoscopy may be used to diagnose the following conditions:

    • Endometriosis
    • A uterine fibroid
    • Ovarian cysts or tumors
    • Ovarian cysts or tumors
    • Embryo ectopic
    • Pelvic abscess, or pus
    • Pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue
    • Infertility
    • Pelvic inflammatory disease
    • Reproductive cancers

Preparing for the procedure

In most cases, your gynecological laparoscopy will be performed by a gynecologist. Preparation information will be provided by your hospital.

In the case of a gynecological laparoscopy to diagnose a condition, you’ll usually go home the same day. In cases where the procedure is being performed to treat a condition, you will probably be able to go home the same day. In some cases, you may have to stay in the hospital overnight, so be prepared. If this is necessary, your doctor will let you know. You’ll need someone to drive you home and stay with you overnight if you go home the same day.

It is usually done under general anesthesia during a gynecological laparoscopy. During a general anesthetic, you will need to stop eating and drinking around six hours before the procedure. Check with your hospital for any fasting instructions.

A compression stocking may be prescribed to prevent blood clots from forming in the veins in your legs (deep vein thrombosis). For longer procedures, you may need an anticlotting injection and compression stockings.


Almost all laparoscopies are performed under general anesthesia. You will be unconscious for the entire procedure. On the other hand, you may still be able to go home the same day.

To collect your urine, a small tube called a catheter will be inserted once you are asleep. Carbon dioxide gas will be injected into your abdomen through a small needle. It reduces the risk of injury to your organs by keeping the abdominal wall away from them.

A small cut will be made in your navel, and your surgeon will insert the laparoscope, which transmits images to a screen. It gives your doctor a clear view of your organs.

Depending on the procedure, what happens next may differ. It might take your doctor a moment to look at it and then be done with it. Other incisions may be needed if surgery is needed. Through these holes, instruments will be inserted. Following that, a laparoscope is used as a guide to perform the surgery.

All instruments are removed after the procedure is complete. After your incisions are closed with stitches, you will be bandaged and sent to the recovery room.

Aftercare for a gynecological laparoscopy

Your stitches may dissolve on their own. After about five to seven days, you’ll need to have non-dissolvable stitches removed. You should be able to do this with the help of a practice nurse at Shukan Hospital.

Once the anesthetic has worn off, you should rest. While the anesthetic wears off, you may experience some discomfort, but pain relief will be provided.

After a laparoscopy for diagnosis, you can usually go home after a few hours, as soon as you feel well enough. While the anesthetic wears off, you will need someone to drive you home and stay with you for the first 24 hours. If you’ve had treatment as part of your laparoscopy, your medical team may sometimes ask you to stay in the hospital overnight. Before you go home, your nurse will give you advice about caring for your wounds. You may be given a date for a follow-up appointment.

Having a general anesthetic can affect how you feel for the first 24 hours. There may be a feeling of incoordination or difficulty thinking clearly. This should pass within 24 hours. Don’t drive, drink alcohol, operate machinery, or make any important decisions in the meantime.

Recovery after laparoscopy

After a laparoscopy, you should rest and take it easy for a couple of days. As soon as you feel ready, you can resume your normal activities. Slowly increase the amount you do.

Recovery time for gynecological laparoscopy depends on the type of surgery. You should be able to resume your usual activities within three days of having a laparoscopy to diagnose a condition or perform a minor procedure. It may take up to two or three weeks after a more complicated procedure to feel like you’re back to normal.

During the first few days after your procedure, you might experience some discomfort and pain. Paracetamol or ibuprofen, which are available over the counter, may be given to you by your hospital.

For a few days, you may also experience spotting or bleeding from your vagina. The bleeding can be stopped by using sanitary pads.

After your laparoscopy, you should move around as much as possible to prevent blood clots from forming in your legs. Move your legs and feet even when you’re resting. Depending on your doctor’s recommendation, you may also be advised to wear compression stockings or have blood-thinning injections after surgery. Blood clots can also be prevented with these.

You should wait at least 24 hours before driving after your general anesthetic. Drive only when you are able to maneuver your car safely and comfortably, without causing any discomfort or pain.

Your vital signs will be monitored by nurses after the procedure is completed. You will remain in recovery until the anesthesia wears off. You will not be released until you are able to urinate independently.

The recovery time varies. Depending on the procedure. You may be free to go home a few hours after surgery. Additionally, you may have to spend one or more nights in the hospital.

It is possible that your belly button will be tender after surgery. Your stomach may be bruised. As a result of gas inside you, your chest, middle, and shoulders may ache. Additionally, you may feel nauseated for the rest of the day.

Your doctor will give you instructions on how to deal with possible side effects before you go home. In order to prevent an infection, your doctor may prescribe pain medication or antibiotics.

You may have to rest for several days or weeks after surgery, depending on the type of surgery. A month or more may pass before you can resume normal activities.

Gynecological laparoscopy side effects

Gynecological laparoscopies may cause unwanted, but mostly temporary side effects. Gynecological laparoscopies may cause the following side effects:

  • You may experience a small amount of vaginal bleeding
  • Having stomach pains and discomfort
  • You may experience shoulder pain from the gas that inflates your belly irritating a nerve
  • Feeling tired more often than usual
  • Wounds that are bruised

The advancement of laparoscopy

Gynecological laparoscopy can sometimes be performed using robotic surgery. The hands of robots are more steady than those of humans. It is also possible that they are better at fine manipulations.

    Microlaparoscopy is a newer technique. There are even smaller scopes used in this method. The procedure can be performed with local anesthesia in the hospital. You won’t be completely unconscious.


    1. What is laparoscopy?

      During laparoscopy, small incisions are made (cuts). This is different from “open” surgery, in which an incision can be several inches long. Sometimes, laparoscopic surgery is referred to as minimally invasive surgery

    2. Is gynecological laparoscopy a major surgery?

      Depending on the procedure you are having. If you want to investigate symptoms, a laparoscopy is a relatively simple procedure. Even so, if you are having more complex surgery, like a hysterectomy, it can still be a major operation. The procedure and your recovery will be explained to you by your doctor.

    3. How long does it take to perform a gynecological laparoscopy?

      As little as 30 minutes may be needed for a simple gynecological laparoscopy. Treatment can take much longer if your doctor needs to treat a condition. The procedure of gynecological laparoscopy can be found above in this blog.

    4. Laparoscopic surgery: how does it work?

      An instrument called a laparoscope is used during laparoscopic surgery. A laparoscope is a long, slender device that is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. Using a camera attached to it, the obstetrician-gynecologist (ob-gyn) can view the abdominal and pelvic organs on a screen.
      There are other instruments that can be used to solve a problem. Additional small incisions are usually made in the abdomen to insert these instruments. Laparoscopic instruments can sometimes be inserted through the same incision as laparoscopes. The procedure is known as “single-site” laparoscopy.

    5. What are the benefits of laparoscopy?

      There are many benefits to laparoscopy. Laparoscopic surgery is less painful than open abdominal surgery, which requires larger incisions, longer hospital stays, and longer recovery times. Recovery from laparoscopic surgery generally is faster than recovery from open abdominal surgery. As a result of the smaller incisions used, you will heal faster and have fewer scars. Infections are also less likely to occur during open surgery

    6. Will I bleed after a gynecological laparoscopy?

      Several days after a gynecological laparoscopy, you may experience some vaginal bleeding, like a period. You can use sanitary pads until the bleeding stops. In case of bleeding that continues or worsens, seek medical attention.

    7. How can laparoscopy diagnose gynecological diseases?

      There are several conditions that can be diagnosed with a gynecological aparoscopy. Endometriosis, ovarian cysts, fertility problems, and cancer are some of these conditions. There are times when a laparoscopy does not reveal any reason for your symptoms. Further tests or treatments may then be recommended by your doctor.

    More questions about Laparoscopy?