What is Astheno-teratozoospermia?

Astheno-teratozoospermia is a condition that affects male fertility. It is characterized by two primary abnormalities in sperm: reduced motility (asthenozoospermia) and abnormal morphology (teratozoospermia). In other words, sperm affected by asthenoteratozoospermia have both poor movement and abnormal shapes. This combination of issues can significantly impair the ability of sperm to reach and fertilize an egg, making it more challenging for couples to conceive naturally. 

Astheno-teratozoospermia is diagnosed through a semen analysis, which evaluates various parameters of sperm quality.


Types of Astheno-teratozoospermia

Symptoms of Astheno-teratozoospermia

  • Varicocele
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Genetic factors
  • Testicular disorders
  • Undescended testicles
  • Infections

Some common types of astheno-teratozoospermia include:

  • Mild Astheno-teratozoospermia: In this type, the abnormalities in sperm motility and morphology are relatively mild, and fertility may be only slightly impaired.


  • Moderate Astheno-teratozoospermia: This type involves more pronounced abnormalities in sperm motility and morphology, leading to a moderate decrease in fertility potential.


  • Severe Astheno-teratozoospermia: In severe cases, the abnormalities in sperm motility and morphology are significant, greatly reducing fertility and making conception more challenging.


  • Mixed type Astheno-teratozoospermia: This type involves a combination of other types of male infertility factors, such as oligozoospermia (low sperm count), further complicating fertility.

When to see a doctor?

If you suspect that you may have astheno-teratozoospermia or are experiencing symptoms such as difficulty conceiving, it’s advisable to consult an andrologist or a fertility specialist. They can conduct a comprehensive evaluation, including semen analysis, to assess sperm count and diagnose any underlying issues. Seeking medical advice early can help identify potential fertility problems and allow for appropriate treatment options or interventions to be discussed.

Causes of Astheno-teratozoospermia

The causes of astheno-teratozoospermia can vary and may include 

  • Genetic factors
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Lifestyle choices 
  • Lifestyle and Nutritional Factors
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Idiopathic Causes
Specialized Care
Specialized Care

Effect of Astheno-teratozoospermia

  • Difficulty Conceiving.
  • Prolonged Infertility.
  • Increased Stress and Anxiety.
  • Impact on Relationships.
  • Potential for Invasive TreatmentsImpact on Mental Health.

Diagnosis of Astheno-teratozoospermia

Diagnosing Astheno-teratozoospermia involves several steps:

  • Medical History: A healthcare provider will conduct a thorough medical history review, discussing factors such as past reproductive health issues, previous pregnancies or fertility treatments, lifestyle habits, medications, and any family history of infertility or genetic conditions.


  • Physical Examination: A physical examination may be performed to assess the overall health of the reproductive organs and identify any abnormalities or signs of underlying conditions that may contribute to male infertility.


  • Semen Analysis: It is the cornerstone of diagnosing asthenoteratozoospermia. During this test, a sample of semen is collected and analyzed in a laboratory to evaluate various parameters of sperm quality, including sperm count, motility, morphology, volume, and other characteristics.


  • Additional Diagnostic Tests: Depending on the results of the analysis and the suspected underlying causes of asthenoteratozoospermia, additional diagnostic tests may be recommended. These tests may include hormone testing to assess levels of testosterone and other reproductive hormones, genetic testing to identify any chromosomal abnormalities or genetic mutations affecting fertility, or imaging studies such as ultrasound to evaluate the structure and function of the reproductive organs.


  • Partner Evaluation: Since infertility can be attributed to either male or female factors, it’s essential to evaluate both partners when diagnosing asthenoteratozoospermia. Female partners may undergo their own evaluation, including hormonal testing, pelvic ultrasound, and other tests to assess fertility potential.


  • Consultation with a Specialist: In some cases, a referral to a reproductive endocrinologist or urologist specializing in male infertility may be recommended for further evaluation and management of asthenoteratozoospermia.

Treatment of Astheno-teratozoospermia

Treatment options for asthenoteratozoospermia vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Here are some common treatments:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Lifestyle factors play a significant role in sperm quality and fertility. Making positive changes such as improving diet by consuming nutrient-rich foods, staying hydrated, and avoiding processed foods can provide essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants necessary for healthy sperm production and function. Regular exercise can also improve overall health and promote better sperm quality. Additionally, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, managing stress through relaxation techniques or counseling, and maintaining a healthy weight can all contribute to optimizing fertility outcomes.


  • Medications: Depending on the underlying causes identified through diagnostic testing, medications may be prescribed to address hormonal imbalances or other factors affecting the quality of the sperm. Hormonal therapy may help regulate hormone levels essential for sperm production and function. Antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium can help reduce oxidative stress and improve sperm motility and morphology. Supplements like coenzyme Q10 or L-carnitine may also be recommended to enhance sperm energy production and overall sperm health.


  • Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): In cases where natural conception is not achievable due to severe asthenoteratozoospermia or other fertility factors, assisted reproductive techniques (ART) offer alternative pathways to pregnancy. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) involves placing sperm directly into the woman’s uterus during ovulation to increase the chances of fertilization. In vitro fertilization (IVF) entails fertilizing eggs with sperm in a laboratory setting and transferring resulting embryos into the woman’s uterus. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used in conjunction with IVF to inject a single sperm directly into an egg to facilitate fertilization, particularly in cases of severe male infertility.


  • Surgical Interventions: Certain anatomical abnormalities or conditions such as varicoceles, which can contribute to asthenoteratozoospermia, may require surgical correction. Varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure to repair enlarged veins within the scrotum, which can improve blood flow and reduce heat around the testicles, thereby enhancing sperm production and quality. Surgical interventions aim to address underlying factors contributing to male infertility and may improve fertility outcomes in men with astheno-teratozoospermia.


  • Combination Therapy: In many cases, a combination of treatment modalities may be utilized to address multiple factors contributing to astheno-teratozoospermia and optimize fertility outcomes. For example, lifestyle modifications may be combined with medications to address hormonal imbalances, followed by assisted reproductive techniques if natural conception is not achieved. Combination therapy allows for a personalized approach tailored to the individual needs of the patient and their partner, with the goal of maximizing the chances of successful conception and pregnancy.


Why choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad for Astheno-teratozoospermia treatment?

  • Personalized Care: Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre provides tailored treatment plans for astheno-teratozoospermia.


  • Experienced Specialists: Our team of experts offers specialized care for male infertility.


  • Advanced Facilities: State-of-the-art technology ensures the highest standard of treatment.


  • Comprehensive Approach: We address both medical and emotional aspects of fertility treatment.


  • Patient-Centered Care: Your needs and concerns are prioritized throughout the process.


  • High Success Rates: Our track record demonstrates our commitment to achieving parenthood dreams.

Choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre for effective, compassionate care for Astheno-teratozoospermia treatment in Ahmedabad.

Prevention of Astheno-teratozoospermia

Prevention of Astheno-teratozoospermia, a condition characterized by reduced sperm motility and abnormal sperm morphology, focuses on adopting healthy lifestyle habits and minimizing exposure to factors that can negatively impact sperm quality. Here are some preventive measures:

  • Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle.
  • Avoid Tobacco and Excessive Alcohol.
  • Manage Stress.
  • Limit Exposure to Environmental Toxins.
  • Practice Safe Sex.
  • Avoid Excessive Heat.
  • Limit Exposure to Radiation and Electromagnetic Fields.
  • Regular Check-ups.


Can you get pregnant with asthenoteratozoospermia?

While astheno-teratozoospermia can make it more challenging to conceive naturally, it is still possible for couples to achieve pregnancy with this condition. Depending on the severity and underlying causes of asthenoteratozoospermia, various fertility treatments such as assisted reproductive techniques (ART) may be recommended to increase the likelihood of conception.

Can asthenoteratozoospermia be cured?

Astheno-teratozoospermia may not always be curable in the traditional sense, but it can often be effectively managed with appropriate treatment. Treatment options such as lifestyle modifications, medications, surgical interventions, and assisted reproductive techniques aim to improve sperm quality and increase the chances of successful conception.

Is astheno-teratozoospermia serious?

Astheno-teratozoospermia is a condition that can significantly impact male fertility and may pose challenges for couples trying to conceive. While it is not life-threatening, it can have profound emotional and psychological effects on individuals and couples experiencing infertility.

Is it possible to be fertile with astheno-teratozoospermia?

Yes, it is possible for individuals with astheno-teratozoospermia to be fertile, although fertility may be reduced compared to individuals with normal sperm parameters. With appropriate treatment and interventions, many individuals with asthenoteratozoospermia can still achieve pregnancy either naturally or with the assistance of fertility treatments.

How long does Astheno-teratozoospermia treatment take?

The duration of astheno-teratozoospermia treatment varies depending on factors such as the underlying causes, severity of the condition, and response to treatment. Treatment may range from several months to years, and individuals may require ongoing monitoring and adjustments to their treatment plan.

Can Astheno-teratozoospermia be treated successfully in all cases?

While many cases of astheno-teratozoospermia can be effectively treated, success rates may vary depending on factors such as the underlying causes, severity of the condition, and individual response to treatment. In some cases, treatment may improve sperm quality and increase the likelihood of conception, while in others, alternative options such as sperm donation or adoption may be considered.

Are there any potential risks or side effects associated with Asthenoteratozoospermia treatment?

Like any medical treatment, asthenoteratozoospermia treatment may carry potential risks or side effects, depending on the specific interventions used. Common side effects may include hormonal changes, allergic reactions to medications, discomfort or pain from surgical procedures, and emotional stress associated with fertility treatments. It’s essential to discuss potential risks and side effects with a healthcare provider before starting treatment.