Human Papillomavirus

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine?

The HPV vaccine is primarily designed to protect against infections caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that can be transmitted through sexual contact. The vaccine helps prevent HPV infections, particularly those caused by certain high-risk HPV types that are known to cause various cancers and low-risk types that can cause genital warts.

Types of HPV vaccine

There are several types of HPV vaccines available, including Gardasil 9 and Cervarix. These vaccines target different strains of HPV and are administered through a series of doses over several months.

Difference between Cervarix and Gardasil 9 vaccine

Aspect Cervarix Gardasil 9
Composition Bivalent HPV vaccine. Quadrivalent HPV vaccine.
HPV types targeted HPV types 16 and 18. HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18.
Indications Prevention of cervical cancer. Prevention of cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancers, and genital warts.
Approved age Females aged 9 to 45 years old. Males and females aged 9 to 45 years old.
Cross-protection May offer some cross-protection against other closely related HPV strains. Demonstrates some cross-protection against certain other HPV strains not included in the vaccine.
Dosage and Administration Administered as a series of injections over several months. Administered as a series of injections over several months.

What is the HPV vaccine for?

The HPV vaccine is primarily used to prevent:

  • Cervical Cancer: HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer. Vaccination helps protect against HPV types that are strongly associated with the development of cervical cancer.

  • Other HPV-related Cancers: In addition to cervical cancer, HPV infection can lead to other cancers, including anal, penile, vaginal, vulvar, and oropharyngeal cancers. The vaccine provides protection against HPV types that contribute to the development of these cancers.

  • Genital Warts: Certain low-risk HPV types can cause genital warts. The vaccine helps prevent infections with these HPV types, reducing the likelihood of developing genital warts.

Overall, the HPV vaccine is an essential tool in preventing HPV-related diseases, including various cancers and genital warts, by providing immunity against the most common HPV types responsible for these conditions.

How does the HPV vaccine work?

The HPV vaccine contains proteins from the outer shell of the virus, which are not infectious. When a person receives the vaccine, their immune system recognizes these proteins as foreign invaders and mounts an immune response. This response involves the production of antibodies, which are specialized proteins that can recognize and neutralize the virus if the person is exposed to it in the future.

By generating immunity against HPV, the vaccine helps protect individuals from becoming infected with the virus and developing related health problems. It’s important to note that the HPV vaccine is most effective when administered before exposure to the virus, which is why it is recommended for adolescents and young adults before they become sexually active.

Benefits of HPV Vaccination

  • Prevention of HPV Infections.
  • Reduction in Cervical cancer.
  • Prevention of genital warts.
  • Herd immunity.
  • Effectiveness across genders.
  • Long-term protection.
  • Early vaccination benefits.
  • Safe and well-tolerated.
  • Cost-effective public health intervention.
  • Empowerment of women’s health.

Why choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine?

At Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad, we understand the importance of comprehensive gynecological care, including HPV vaccination. Our experienced gynecologists and medical staff provide specialized HPV vaccination services in a safe and supportive environment. We utilize state-of-the-art facilities to ensure that each vaccination is administered effectively and with minimal discomfort to the patient.

Who should get the HPV vaccine?

The HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine HPV vaccination for adolescents aged 11-12 years old. However, vaccination can be given as early as 9 years old and up to 26 years old for females and 21 years old for males who have not been previously vaccinated.

Who shouldn’t get the HPV vaccine?

While the HPV vaccine is generally safe for most people, there are some individuals who should not receive the vaccine. This includes people who have had a severe allergic reaction to a previous dose of the vaccine or any of its components.


Is the HPV vaccine only for females?

No, the HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females. It helps protect against HPV-related diseases in both genders.

What are the potential side effects of the HPV vaccine?

Common side effects of the HPV vaccine include pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site, as well as mild fever or headache. Serious side effects are rare but may include allergic reactions.

Can the HPV vaccine cause infertility?

No, there is no evidence to suggest that the HPV vaccine causes infertility. It is safe and effective for both males and females.

Can I get the HPV vaccine if I have already had HPV or genital warts?

Yes, you can still benefit from the HPV vaccine even if you have had HPV or genital warts in the past. The vaccine protects against certain strains of HPV that you may not have been exposed to yet.

How long does protection from the HPV vaccine last?

Studies have shown that the HPV vaccine provides long-lasting protection against HPV-related diseases. However, the duration of protection may vary among individuals, and booster doses may be recommended in the future.

Can I get the HPV vaccine if I am pregnant?

The HPV vaccine is not recommended for pregnant individuals. However, if you become pregnant during the vaccination series, you can complete the series after the pregnancy is completed.

How effective is the HPV vaccine in preventing HPV-related diseases?

The HPV vaccine is highly effective in preventing HPV-related diseases, including cervical cancer, genital warts, and other cancers affecting the genitals, anus, mouth, and throat. Vaccination significantly reduces the risk of HPV infection and its associated complications.

Can I still get the HPV vaccine if I have a weakened immune system?

Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those undergoing chemotherapy or organ transplant recipients, may still benefit from the HPV vaccine. However, the effectiveness of the vaccine may be reduced compared to individuals with healthy immune systems. It’s important to consult with your healthcare provider to determine if the HPV vaccine is appropriate for you.

Is the HPV vaccine safe for individuals with allergies?

The HPV vaccine is generally safe for individuals with allergies. However, if you have a history of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) to any component of the vaccine, you should discuss this with your healthcare provider before receiving the vaccine.

Can I get the HPV vaccine if I am breastfeeding?

Yes, breastfeeding is not a contraindication for receiving the HPV vaccine. The vaccine is safe for breastfeeding individuals and does not pose a risk to infants.

Can I get the HPV vaccine if I have a history of abnormal Pap smears?

Yes, individuals with a history of abnormal Pap smears or cervical dysplasia can still benefit from the HPV vaccine. However, it’s essential to continue regular cervical cancer screening as recommended by your healthcare provider, as the vaccine does not provide protection against all HPV strains.