Semen Analysis

What is semen?

Semen is a viscous fluid that is ejaculated from the male reproductive tract during ejaculation. It is composed of spermatozoa (sperm cells) suspended in a fluid known as seminal plasma. Seminal plasma is produced by various accessory glands, including the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands.

Semen Analysis

What is Semen Analysis?

It is a laboratory test that evaluates the characteristics of semen, the fluid ejaculated during male orgasm, to assess the health and functionality of sperm. It examines multiple parameters, including sperm count, motility, morphology, volume, pH level, and presence of other substances such as white blood cells. These parameters help healthcare providers diagnose potential causes of male infertility and guide treatment decisions to optimize fertility outcomes.

When is a semen analysis performed?

A semen analysis is typically performed when a couple is experiencing difficulty in conceiving a child, especially if they have been trying to conceive for an extended period without success. It is also recommended if there are known risk factors for male infertility, such as a history of testicular trauma, infections, hormonal imbalances, or certain medical conditions.

Specific situations that may prompt a semen analysis include:

  • Infertility Concerns: When a couple has been actively trying to conceive for at least one year without success, a semen analysis may be performed to assess male fertility potential.
  • Evaluation of Male Factor Infertility: If there are indications of male factor infertility based on medical history, physical examination, or other diagnostic tests, a semen analysis is often included in the evaluation process.
  • Assisted Reproductive Procedures: Before undergoing assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI), a semen analysis is typically performed to assess sperm quality and determine the most appropriate treatment approach.
  • Monitoring Treatment Interventions: Semen analysis may be repeated periodically to monitor the effects of treatment interventions, such as lifestyle modifications, medications, or surgical procedures, aimed at improving sperm parameters and fertility outcomes.

When to see a doctor?

It’s advisable to see a doctor promptly if you or your partner are experiencing difficulties conceiving a child, especially after actively trying for a year without success. This recommendation applies regardless of whether you suspect male factor infertility.

Specific situations when it’s important to seek medical attention for semen analysis and ¬†include:

  • Persistent infertility.
  • Known risk factors.
  • Abnormal semen analysis results.
  • Assisted reproductive procedures.

Complications of Semen analysis

Complications of semen analysis are generally rare, but they can occur in some cases. Here are a few potential complications:

  • Discomfort or Pain.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Psychological distress.
  • Transmission of infections.
  • False results.

Parameters of Semen analysis

The diagnosis of semen analysis involves evaluating various parameters to assess the quality and quantity of sperm present in the semen. Here are the key components of semen analysis:

  • Sperm count: The number of sperm present in a given volume of semen is measured. A normal sperm count is typically considered to be at least 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen.

  • Sperm motility: The ability of sperm to move and swim forward effectively is assessed. Sperm with good motility have a higher chance of reaching and fertilizing an egg. Motility is usually expressed as a percentage of progressively motile sperm.

  • Sperm morphology: The shape and appearance of sperm are evaluated to determine if they have normal morphology. Sperm with abnormal morphology may have difficulty fertilizing an egg. Morphology is usually expressed as the percentage of sperm with normal shape and structure.

  • Volume of semen: The total volume of semen ejaculated is measured. A normal semen volume is typically between 1.5 to 5 milliliters.

  • pH Level: The acidity or alkalinity of the semen is assessed by measuring its pH level. Normal pH levels range from 7.2 to 8.0.

  • Liquefaction time: Semen normally coagulates after ejaculation and then liquefies within 20 to 30 minutes. Liquefaction time measures how long it takes for semen to change from a gel-like consistency to a liquid form.

  • White blood cells: The presence of white blood cells in semen may indicate an infection or inflammation in the reproductive tract.

  • Fructose level: Fructose, a sugar found in semen, provides energy for sperm. Low levels of fructose may indicate a problem with the seminal vesicles, which produce fructose-rich fluid.

  • Agglutination: Agglutination refers to the clumping together of sperm, which can interfere with sperm movement and fertilization.


Why choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre in Ahmedabad for Sperm analysis?

  • Expertise in Reproductive Medicine.
  • State-of-the-Art Facilities.
  • Comprehensive Evaluation.
  • Patient-Centered Approach.
  • Range of Treatment Options.
  • Success Rates.

Choose Shukan Hospital & IVF Centre for effective, compassionate care for Sperm analysis treatment in Ahmedabad.


What can affect semen analysis results?

Factors such as recent illness, certain medications, exposure to toxins or environmental pollutants, excessive heat exposure, and lifestyle factors such as smoking or excessive alcohol consumption can affect semen analysis results.

What do abnormal semen analysis results indicate?

Abnormal semen analysis results may indicate issues that could contribute to male infertility, such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility, abnormal sperm morphology, or underlying medical conditions affecting sperm production or function.

What if I have difficulty ejaculating during semen analysis?

If you experience difficulty ejaculating during semen analysis, inform the healthcare provider or laboratory technician. They may provide suggestions or accommodations to help facilitate ejaculation, such as using visual aids or providing privacy.

Can medications or supplements affect semen analysis results?

Yes, certain medications, supplements, or recreational drugs can impact semen analysis results. It’s essential to inform your healthcare provider about any medications or supplements you are taking before undergoing semen analysis.

Can lifestyle changes improve semen analysis results?

Yes, adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as maintaining a balanced diet, exercising regularly, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, and managing stress can positively impact semen analysis results and overall fertility potential.

Can age affect semen analysis results?

Yes, advanced paternal age has been associated with changes in semen parameters, including decreased sperm count, motility, and morphology. However, the impact of age on fertility varies among individuals, and other factors may also contribute to semen quality.

Can certain medical conditions affect semen analysis results?

Yes, certain medical conditions such as infections, hormonal imbalances, varicocele, and genetic disorders can affect semen analysis results. It’s essential to inform your healthcare provider about any medical conditions you have before undergoing semen analysis.

Can stress or anxiety affect semen analysis results?

Yes, stress and anxiety can potentially affect semen quality and fertility. Chronic stress may lead to hormonal imbalances, which can impact sperm production and function. Practicing stress-reducing techniques may help mitigate these effects.

Can herbal supplements or alternative therapies improve semen analysis results?

While some herbal supplements or alternative therapies may claim to improve semen parameters, scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness is often limited. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider before using any supplements or alternative treatments for male infertility.